Many have scars from the Cold War that might be visible but definitely psychological. Whatever means the citizens in Germany were able to go on with their lives from such a terrifying time period, keeping symbols alive is one way to never forget such as concentration camps were left standing in the hopes of something like this should never happen again.
Another way to handle symbols is by destroying them and that is what happened on November 9th, 1989 in East Germany. This was the day that marked the end of one of the most infamous and ugliest symbols of the Cold War; this was the day that East German officials finally broke through the Berlin Wall in which allowing once again travel from East Berlin to West Berlin. The real celebrations; however, did not begin for the citizens until the next day.
Although the official announcement of the opening of the wall was exciting news for the world to hear, it was the next day that the news really sank in as Germans actually started taking down one of the ugliest walls in the world. The wall would soon be reduced to a pile of rubble that actual souvenir hunters rushed in immediately to grab up! What led to the eventual celebration of the demise of the Berlin Wall was a decision reached several weeks before by officials from Hungry to finally open borders between Austria and Hungry. Effectively, there was no validation for the Berlin Wall to remain standing as citizens of East Germany could now bypass it through travel into Hungry, then into Austria and then finally reach their destination into West Germany.
Another reason for the demise of the Berlin Wall had to do with the changing of the times in their society. Political changes were happening in East Germany as the past leadership of communism was quickly losing their hold over society while they were demanding movement toward a free market system as well as free elections. Since the world watched the tearing down of the infamous wall, this action had an impact on President George Bush as well as on his advisors. Watching the coverage of the ecstatic crowds of Germans destroying the Berlin Wall made the Bush Administration think afterwards that statements given by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev regarding a new dialogue with the West must be taken more seriously than before.
During 1956 and 1968, protest taken place in Czechoslovakia and Hungry were ruthlessly destroyed by Soviet forces; yet, the East German actions were realistically encouraged by Gorbachev. There were other actions that led to the Cold War finally ending. However, the final termination of the symbol that became a representation of that time period in history, the removal piece-by piece of the Berlin Wall, will be remembered as one of the most important actions that culminated the ending of the Cold War.